Low-Water Landscaping Techniques


Low-water landscaping is a growing trend in the US. It's a growing trend because homeowners have begun to realize the tremendous benefits low-water landscaping has to offer. Additionally, as water costs increase and more US cities impose water restrictions; low-water landscaping is becoming the only form of landscaping that is cost-effective and good for the environment.

Low-water landscaping, also known as xeriscaping applies several techniques from selecting certain types of plants to limiting turf. The following techniques will help you get started in planning and planting a xeriscaped garden.

Soil
The first step in xeriscaping is ensuring that your soil is rich with minerals and able to retain moisture. To get your soil as healthy as possible, start with deep spading and plowing, to a depth of about six inches. This will help break up the soil and allow root systems to grow deeper into the earth. Then, add organic fertilizer, compost and manure to your soil.

Plants
Select only drought-resistant and native plants. Visit a local nursery to find out which plants are native in your area and which plants don't require large amounts of water. When it comes time to plan and execute your garden, group low-water plants together. Place plants which require more water I the shade as it will prevent water evaporation. Select older plants instead of young plants when possible. New, young plants need more water than mature plants and require more pruning and general maintenance.

Limit Turf
Limit the amount of grassy turf on your property. Use mulch in place of grass. There are many mulch options from stones, wood chips, pine, bark and recycled rubber. Large rock gardens are another beautiful option. Don't get rid of all your turf. Instead, give up areas of turf that you use the least, such as near the foundation of your home.

Drip Irrigation
A drip irrigation system is the most water-efficient way to water your garden and landscape. A drip irrigation system consists of a hose with tiny holes along it. It allows for the water to drip slowly into the soil, avoiding water-wasting issues like water runoff.

Additional Xeriscaping Benefits

* Xeriscaping your landscape can increase the value of your home.
* Helps reduce pollution by reducing or eliminated the need for gas powered landscaping equipment. If you reduce your turf area, you can get away with a manual or electric grass trimmer.
* Enhance your xeriscaped garden with garden accessories such as: Clay pots, birdhouses, wind chimes, stepping stones, torches and lanterns. Another option is to incorporate energy-efficient, low-voltage landscape lighting.

 


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